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Judith Scott

American, 20th century.
Born 1943, Columbus, Ohio; died 2005, Oakland, California.

Judith Scott's art is marked by great power. Her sculptures made of found objects and materials, wrapped in yarn and textiles, exude a sense of mystery not only through their visual appeal, but through what they conceal. Each carries a palpable charge generated by the artist's intense, generative act of wrapping and binding. Although not directly influenced by or related to any cultural tradition, her works resonate uncannily with a range of material cultural practices that involve intentional accretion for the purpose of healing. Judith Scott was a magician.

Born with her fraternal twin sister Joyce in 1943 in Cincinatti, Ohio, Scott suffered from Down Syndrome. She was also deaf, a condition that was misdiagnosed as mental retardation until she was an adult. At the age of seven, Scott was placed in a state institution where she lived until 1986 at which time her twin intervened, became her guardian, and moved her to California. Soon after, she joined Oakland's Creative Growth, a seminal arts workshop for the disabled. After two years of relative disinterest, Scott began to work with yarn and fiber in the workshop setting, and was encouraged to forge a visual and material language all her own.

More than simply works of art made to pass the time, these colorful, often intimidating cocoons carry the force of her will to reckon, to remember, to communicate, and to reinvent herself. During her lifetime, she gained international acclaim, and since her passing in 2005, her work has continued to earn critical recognition in major publications and exhibitions.

Solo Exhibitions

2014-15, Bound and Unbound, Brooklyn Museum 

2009, Judith Scott: Retrospective, Ricco Maresca Gallery, New York

Group Exhibitions

2018, Outliers and American Vanguard Art, National Gallery of Art, Washington DC

2015, Collection abcd, La maison rouge, Paris

2013, Create, Creative Growth Center, Oakland

2012, Rosemarie Trockel: A Cosmos, New Museum of Contemporary Art, New York

2011, World Transformers, Schirn Kunsthalle, Frankfurt

2000, Visions, American Visionary Art Museum, Baltimore

Selected Collections

American Folk Art Museum, New York
American Visionary Art Museum, Baltimore
Collection abcd, Paris
Collection de l'Art Brut, Lausanne
Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin
Museum of Everything, London
Museum of Modern Art, New York
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco

Selected Bibliography

Byrne, David, Bicycle Diaries, Penguin/Viking, New York, 2009.

Rebetz, Pascal, On m'appelait Judith Scott, Collection de l'Art Brut, Lausanne, 2006.

Scott, Joyce, Twins, poem published in Metamorphosis: The Fiber Art of Judith Scott, Creative Growth Art Center, Oakland, 1999. 

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